The Overall Objective (Impact) of the proposed action is, to secure the conservation (protection and sustainable use particularly non-extractive uses) of the biodiversity of the forests of the Blue and John Crow Mountains.

Project Description

(i) Relevance of the Proposed Action

The proposed action is relevant to the Call for Proposals and regional and country needs and constraints more specifically as it is geared towards conservation of forests in the Blue and John Crow Mountains – one of the world’s most important biodiversity hotspots and an area critical to the nation for water supply and climate change adaptation and mitigation. It aims to achieve this in the short and long term by strengthening the capacity of key stakeholders who will be targeted and will benefit from the outputs and outcomes. These will have benefits in the short to long-term resulting in national and global beneficiaries through the conservation of forest ecosystems.

Relevance to the target country and relevant sectors

Jamaican protected areas (like many around the world) are under-funded by national governments because of the competition for financial resources with other critical sectors e.g. education, health, crime fighting and poverty reduction. Financial resources are needed for professional staff, transportation and implementation of effective management including the sustaining of conservation work and providing incentives and facilitating sustainable livelihoods for local communities. (Sustainable Financing Plan for Jamaica’s System of Protected Areas 2010 - 2020, based on Galindo, 2009)

Without funds in the short through long term, strategic interventions cannot be sustained and in order to change human behaviour and practices which are culturally ingrained there is a need for sustained interventions with sufficient human resources including engaging local community members who are critical target groups.

JCDT’s proposed action, addresses short to long term protection and conservation through objectives 2 and 3:-

Objective 2: To improve the management effectiveness of the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park through support for:-

  • critical management programmes such as Enforcement and Compliance and
  • sourcing medium to long term funding sources for management

Objective 3: to strengthen the in-situ and ex-situ conservation work with respect to learning how to propagate and grow native, endemic and threatened tree species

The sourcing of funding sources for management e.g. through exploring and developing carbon trading on the private voluntary market and ecotourism ventures addresses long term sustain-ability whilst the other activities will provide support for Enforcement and Compliance and Conservation Programmes in the short term.

Long term protection and conservation will be addressed through the objectives 1 and 4:-

Objective 1: Design and Implement a Public Education and Community Outreach Programme to

  • promote the significance of the forest ecosystems of the Blue and John Crow Mountains in terms of their biodiversity and role e.g. in hydrogeological security, disaster prevention and mitigation of extreme climate events and
  • promote appropriate care for these forest ecosystems.

Objective 4: Work with local communities, particularly Maroons and those in the upper Yallahs and Hope watersheds to reduce poverty and empower youth through sustainable community tourism and alternative livelihoods e.g. invasive species control and forest restoration.

These objectives aim to build human capacity for conservation particularly at the local level with sustainability built in through livelihood linkages.

(ii) Target Groups, Key Stakeholders and Final Beneficiaries

The stakeholders are those who benefit from and impact (positively and negatively) the forests of the Blue and John Crow Mountains: -

  • Local Communities – who live in the area and use or otherwise impact the resources;
  • Government agencies – with responsibility for managing the area and its resources;
  • Civil society: -
    • the general public particularly those in eastern Jamaica and Kingston,
    • the Jamaica Conservation and Development Trust (JCDT) – a civil society organisation which manages the site on behalf of the relevant government agencies &
    • other organisations and individuals with interest e.g., as hikers, bird-watchers etc.
  • Academia – professors and students who study the area and its resources.

They will all be targeted in different ways and will all be final beneficiaries, particularly the local communities and the lead applicant and implementing entity – JCDT.

Executive Summary of the Action

The project is currently on track in achieving its overall objective of improving conservation of the forests of the Blue and John Crow Mountains. We have been able to plant and maintain 7000 native and endemic trees to maturity. This is a critical outcome as we restore degraded sections of the National Park. The management effectiveness in the programmatic area of Enforcement and Compliance has improved, as we increased the average number of patrols per month, and reduced the number of breaches by about 1.5 per quarter (6.5 per quarter in this reporting period compared to 8 per Quarter in January - March, 2021). Also, we have successfully propagated 1 endemic species, the Blue Mahoe, from seed, and are currently conducting nursery experiments into propagating 1 other species, Soap Wood. We are also currently conducting further studies in sexual propagation of the Blue Mountain Yacca from conifers/pseudo-fruits collected from the trees around Holywell.

We continue to address financial sustainability concerns by investing in ecotourism business development. We have been making improvements to our recreational areas as well as bringing in expertise to assist with product development. Through our engagement with a Business Development Consultant, we have been able to revamp a number of tour products. We also hired a Business Development Officer but this strategy did not yield the desired results. We have since terminated that contract and have made smaller, more specific contracts to tackle key areas such as sales and marketing as well as site planning. We are still in the development phase so we have not yet seen the financial returns of this investment. To date, no additional surplus has been made from tourism.

Social Researcher was contracted to explore community environmental behaviours and suggest strategies for how environmental behaviours can be improved in the context of conservation; these results will inform Public Education & Community Outreach consultant's design for a strategy on Public Education and Community Outreach. She has submitted an Inception Report and is currently conducting research into the environmental behaviours and attitudes, has produced and piloted a research instrument, and is currently moving into data collection. Also, we partnered with a Masters student to analyse data from a 2018 Knowledge Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Survey in local communities. Insights from this analysis will help us to have a more targeted, data driven approach to our community engagement and outreach. Our work with local communities is ongoing, with 236 participants engaged in 8 Maroon communities for the purpose of poverty reduction and youth empowerment through sustainable community tourism and alternative livelihoods, and we are currently in dialogue with 26 community members are in the Cinchona region for sustainable agriculture / agroforestry. We are working with Ostrum Climate (consultants) who offer carbon management solutions) to develop a carbon trading project. As part of this project activity, the National Park Manager has participated in two training courses (online with University of the British Columbia) to increase the JCDT’s capacity in developing a carbon project.

  • Referring to the updated logical framework matrix (see point 2.3. below), please describe and comment the level of achievement of the outcome(s), if it is relevant at this stage and the likeliness of reaching the final target(s) related to the outcome(s) at the end of the action.

Overall, outcomes have been achieved at a rate of roughly 51% at the end of the reporting period. A few of the outcomes are still at 0% completion, because the target reference year for completion is 2023, although work is underway to complete these, and will be completed by the end of the Year 2 reporting period.

  • Please explain briefly if any changes should be or have been brought to the intervention logic and to the Logical framework matrix, giving the justification for such changes (complete explanation should be placed in the 2.2 section under the relevant level considered: outcomes, outputs, activities). Comment the likeliness of reaching the final target(s) related to the impact in the future (specify).

No changes are necessary for the Intervention Logic or the Logical Framework Matrix. The final targets for all outcomes will be completed by the end of the project implementation, by the end of November 2023.

JCDT | Protecting & Preserving Our Future

The JCDT appreciates the involvement and support of our Partners, Donors, and Sponsors
  • NEPA
  • Forestry Department
  • Jamaica National Heritage Trust
  • Environmental Foundation of Jamaica
  • Forest Conservation Trust
  • Pear Tree Press
  • Jamaica energy Partners