Please explain any problems (such as delay, cancellation, postponement of activities) which have arisen and how they have been addressed. Please list any risks that might have jeopardised the realisation of some activities and explain how they have been tackled.

All activities are on track to be completed as per the Logframe Matrix (see table at 2.3).

One major challenge we experienced was that our Research Technician resigned in early September, and we have been unable to fill that position to date; therefore, we have had very little activity in this project period on the nursery but will be completed by the end of the project implementation period.

We are currently utilising a volunteer with expertise in research/ field work for the identification of threatened trees and determining the propagation strategies from seed. Additionally, there is not a lot of literature on the target plants species for propagation and there was low success on locating target species in the field; there was a lack of support from academia who were hard to engage in the field. The corrective strategies employed to date include involving more local community knowledge (especially around the Cinchona area).

We terminated Business Development Officer’s contract due to underperformance. This experience however allowed us to review our approach here. We were able to consult with several experts in the tourism industry and come up with a new approach. The BDO role was found to be too wide in scope, so we made smaller, more specific contracts to tackle key areas. Therefore, these adjustments in strategy required an adjustment to the budget; we request removing the line item 1.1.1.6 Business Development Officer for the reasons outlined above, and adding the remaining budgeted amount of 19,500 EURO to line item 1.1.1.8 Business Development Consultancy to account for the activities listed below:

  • Contracting of a Salesperson
  • Contracting a Gift Shop designer
  • Contracting an Architect to improve the physical site planning of the recreational area
  • Subscription support for online reservation management system (REZDY.com)
  • Placement of international Outlook magazine
  • Refining the Business Plan (including marketing strategy and tour contracts)
  • Conducting minor repairs
  • Hosting events

Logframe Matrix Updated

The Logical framework (logframe) matrix should evolve during the Action project (i.e. the projects) lifetime: new lines can be added for listing new activities as well as new columns for intermediary targets (milestones) when it is relevant and values will be regularly updated in the column foreseen for reporting purpose (see "Current value"). The term "results" refers to the outputs, outcome(s) and impact of the Action.

The logframe can be revised as necessary (in line with the provisions defined in Article 9.4 of the General Conditions).

 Result chainIndicatorBaseline
(value & reference year)
Target
(value & reference year)
Current value*
(reference year)
(*to be included in interim and final reports)
Source and mean of verificationAssumptions

Impact (Overall objective)

The Overall Objective (Impact) of the proposed action is, to secure the conservation (protection and sustainable use particularly non-extractive uses) of the biodiversity of the forests of the Blue and John Crow Mountains.

Number and types of native and endemic trees planted and maintained to maturity.

4,000 - mainly Blue Mahoe (2020)

7,000 (by 2023) - 50% other native species

5000 trees; 71.42% completion In this reporting period,1496 West Indian Cedar, 301 Blue Mahoe, 50 Sweet wood, 1197 Milk Wood,1209 Spanish Elm, and 747 Mountain Yacca were planted.

Forest Restoration

Not applicable

Income for National Park management earned through ecotourism and other sources aside from grants.

Surplus for National Park management: JA$1million (2019)

JA$2 million (2023)

We engaged a Business Development Consultant to revamp a number of tour products, and a Business Development Officer (but did not yield the desired results) and so we terminated that contract and have made smaller, more specific contracts to tackle key areas. We are still in the development phase so there are, as yet, no financial returns/additional surplus has been made from this investment.

 

Outcome(s) (Specific objective(s))

(i) Design and Implement a Public Education and Community Outreach Programme to promote the significance of the forest ecosystems of the Blue and John Crow Mountains in terms of their biodiversity and role e.g. in hydrogeological security, disaster prevention and mitigation of extreme climate events and promote appropriate care for these forest ecosystems.

Number of activities or products designed and produced.

2019/20:

2 educational or outreach activities in 5 communities: sustainable agriculture training & school visit to Holywell for educational tours

2023/24:

At least 4 educational or outreach activities in each of at least 6 communities

We have identified a Public Education & Community Outreach Consultant to conduct research into Environmental Behaviours, and to design a new Public Education and Community Outreach strategy; the strategy has not been designed yet. Therefore, there have been no related educational or outreach activities.

Public Education & Community Outreach

Public meetings are possible despite the pandemic, bad weather and/or road failure

Community members are willing to participate

Number of participants

Average 50 per community (2019 - 2020)

Average 100 per community

0

 

Level of increase in environmental knowledge and attitudes

BJCMNP KAP Survey Results (2018) - being analysed

Increased levels

KAP Survey (2018) has been analysed and the final report submitted. Environmental attitudes and behaviours were found to not be aligned, findings which echoed past studies. Results suggest that attitudes but not behaviours varied among regions. While some regional differences in attitudes were noted, they were largely minimal. The study’s findings hint at the complexity and interconnectivity of conservation and community work.

KAP Survey 2018 Results

(ii) Improve the management effectiveness of the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park through support for:-

critical management programmes such as Enforcement and Compliance and sourcing medium to long term funding sources for management

METT Scorecard

METT Scorecard 2019

Increase in Scorecard (2023/24)

Scheduled for end of 2023 (METT Scorecard has not been completed as yet)

 

NRCA-NEPA Management Fee continues to be available

Breaches reported may increase due to more patrols to more locations and not necessarily because of people committing more breaches.

Number of NP breaches

8 per Quarter (Jan - March, 2021)

Remains same or decreases (2023/24)

6.5 per quarter

BJCMNP Management Quarterly Reports

Amount of untied funds generated by JCDT

2020/21: JA$1million

Increased (2023/24)

No financial returns/additional surplus has been made.

 

(iii) Strengthen the in-situ and ex-situ forest conservation work with respect to learning how to propagate and grow native, endemic and threatened tree species

Number of native species successfully propagated.

2020: 0

2023/24: 3

1 species: Blue Mahoe

To date, only one species, the Blue Mahoe has been successfully propagated from seed. We are currently conducting nursery experiments into propagating one other species, Soap Wood. Additionally, we are conducting further studies in sexual propagation of the Blue Mountain Yacca from cones/pseudo-fruits collected from the trees around Holywell.

Franklinia Foundation project reports

Propagation studies are successful

(iv) Work with local communities, particularly Maroons those in the upper Yallahs and Hope watersheds to reduce poverty and empower youth through sustainable community tourism and alternative livelihoods e.g. invasive species control and forest restoration.

Number of participants

2020: 10

2023/24: 30

236 total participants in sustainable activities from Rio Grande Valley, Scott's Hall and St Mary – engaged in Capacity Building Workshops in February – March 2022, Business training workshops in June 2022, Environmental Mitigation Workshops in June 2022, Tour Guide Training and Certification in July 2022. Additionally, 66 community members were engaged in Fire Management Trainings in the communities of Resource, Tower Hill and Penlyne Castle. About 11 community youth from the Buff Bay Valley are also being engaged on an ongoing internship in tourism related activities at the Holywell recreational park for eventual certification as trained tour guides.

Local Communities

Land Lease doc

Businesses are successful despite any ongoing COVID19 protocols or other global or national challenges

Revenue earned through sustainable business ventures

2020: 0

2023/24: JA$1million

No revenue has been earned yet. Most of work to date has been in the development phase, with the aim of helping the communities to launch their business ventures. Each community should begin to earn no later than August/September 2023.

Windward Maroon Community-Based Tourism Network Business Plan-V1-final.pdf

Reports on Work with Communities Implementing Sustainable Business Ventures

Outputs

Outcome i:

Community Environmental Intervention Research

Research Document with recommended interventions and evaluating success of those implemented

2021:0

2023/24: 1

0;

Has produced a research instrument, has piloted it, plans to start data collection

 

Community members may resist research

Community Environmental Education & Outreach Campaign Plan Implemented

Plan & Reports

2021: 0

2023/24: 1

0; no activity (research has to finish first)

 

Outcome ii:

Patrols by trained, uniformed Rangers

Patrol Reports

Rangers with sufficient training, uniforms and gear

2021: 17/mth

Boots every other year

2023/24: maintain or increased

Boots annually

Average of 43.75 patrols per month.

Boots procured for all Rangers in 2022

2022 Patrol Records

2021 Patrol Records

Patrols are possible

Private Voluntary Market Carbon Trading Project designed

Carbon Trading Project status

Feasibility Plan (started) & Project: 0 (2021)

Carbon Trading Project designed with no-objection

National Park Manager participated in two training courses to increase the JCDT’s capacity to develop a carbon project. We continue to work with climate consultants (Ostrum Climate Consultants)

Carbon Trading Project Status

 

Other funding sources explored particularly ecotourism

Other funding sources status

2021: 10% of budget

2023/24: 20% of budget

No financial returns/additional surplus has been made from ecotourism as we are still in the development phase.

   

Outcome iii:

Improved plant nurseries

Nursery Reports

2021: Just initiated

2023/24: improvements

0:

No activity in this project period

 

Research unsuccessful due to unforeseen circumstance that cannot be mitigated against

Mature Native & Endemic Trees in reforested areas

Tree Monitoring Reports

2021: Just initiated

2023: propagated & planted trees growing

We have planted 5000 native and endemics, which are all growing and being maintained but are not yet mature.

Forest Restoration

Additional Native species propagated

Seedling Monitoring Reports

2021: Just initiated

2023: propagated seedlings growing

Not many were propagated from seeds; still relying heavily on seedling collection and procurement of tress rather than propagation from seeds; the seedlings are growing; still awaiting successful experiments

Forest Restoration

Outcome iv:

Community Tourism Products (trails & tours)

Community Tourism Product status

2021: ad hoc and not designed in detail

2023: Community tourism products being sold

The Community Tourism Products have not been sold as yet. The communities are aiming for July/ September 2023. Communities are currently implementing Subgrants projects to make repairs and to improve the infrastructure which will be a part of the tourism offerings within the community (January 2023 – April/May 2023)

There are currently no reports on the Products that have already been implemented by the communities; however the Business Plan drafts what the Community Tourism Product will entail, including trails and tours.

Public not interested in participating in ecotourism (ie. no clients)

Community sustainable forest products (charcoal from invasives)

Forest product & livelihoods status

2021: 0

2023: 1 business

0:

No business yet from forest products; focus on eco-tourism;

Hope to incorporate forest products into their eco-tourism products; still exploring feasibility of charcoal from invasive trees

   

JCDT Ecotourism Business Plan

Business Plan implementation status

2021: Needs updating

2023: Plan updated and being implemented

Maroon Community Tourism: A final Business Plan was submitted to JCDT by the Jamaica Business Development Corporation (JBDC) at the beginning of January and is being reviewed.

Holywell/BJCMNP: The contract with the Business Development Officer (BDO) was terminated as it became clear that we needed someone based in Kingston and who could spend more time at the office and/or on site as well as who was able to do more with respect to sales and direct marketing. We have started to seek this contractor.

Whilst we got useful guidance and documentation from the Business Development Consultant, the tour operators were not forth-coming despite several meetings and site visits.

The new Holywell Business Plan was sent to JSIF REDI II and comments received and we are working to improve on certain components of the Plan with JSIF REDI II guidance., JCDT is working with the JSIF REDI II Project to improve on our Business Development especially marketing and sales.

Windward Maroon Community-Based Tourism Network Business Plan-V1-final.pdf

Holywell Business Plan

 

Activity Matrix

Key activitiesMeans/ CostsAssumptions

Conduct research to guide implementation and monitor success of environmental education and community outreach programme (Objective i)

Means
Consultancy & Interns; Executive Director (ED)

Costs
Euro 25,000 + ED

A high level of willingness of the community members to participate in the environmental education and community outreach programme

Design & implement outreach and education program for Maroon & other Buffer Zone Community Youth, and others (Objective i)

Means
Consultancy & Interns; Executive Director & Park Manager (PM)
Products & Materials

Costs
Consultancy & Interns: 18,000 + ED & PM time
Products & Materials: 12,000

A high level of willingness of the community members to participate in the environmental education and community outreach programme

Enforcement & Compliance activities with trained, uniformed personnel (patrols) (Objective ii)

Means
Rangers, Chief of Corps, Uniform & Gear, Transportation (fuel/mileage); Stipend

Costs
30,000 + 6,000 +24,000 +7,000 (Salaries, Uniform & Gear, Transportation (fuel/mileage; repairs, insurance) & Stipend

Less breaches than the baseline reported within the National Park and the number of patrols increased. Boots were purchased for all Rangers.

Carbon Trading Project designed and other funding sources explored (Objective ii)

Means
Consultancy; Executive Director

Costs
Euro 120,000 + ED time

Support from agencies and other stakeholders. Most of the work being done is pro bono, and therefore the costs incurred are very minimal.

Improve National Park ecotourism ventures. (Objective ii)

Means
Business development officer & Consultancy, Site Improvements, Executive Director & Park Manager

Costs
36,000 (20%) + 5,000 + 12,000 +ED & PM time

There is interest from both local and international visitors once the site improvements are complete.

Nursery Improvements and Management (Objective iii)

Means
Research Technician, Nursery Workers, Tools & Equipment

Costs
30,000

Nursery improved

Propagation & Germination of native trees- research activities. (Objective iii)

Means
Research Technician, Nursery Workers; training

Costs
36,000

Applied research has been partially successfully

Conduct tree planting and maintenance activities. (Objective iii)

Means
Research Technician; Transportation, Community workers

Costs
30,000

Access possible

Conduct tree monitoring activities within forest restoration plots. (Objective iii)

Means
Research Technician, Tools, transportation, interns, tablets, environmental monitoring tools

Costs
36,000

Access possible and transportation available

Design tourism products based on local natural and cultural resources. (Objective iv)

Means
Business development officer & Consultancy: Executive Director

Costs
36,000 (20%) + 12,000 + ED time

Tourism products have been developed for Maroon communities in the Rio Grande Valley, St. Thomas and Scott's Hall.

Train and offer product development for participants. (Objective iv)

Means
Business development officer & Consultancy; Executive Director

Costs
36,000 (20%) + 8,000 +ED time

Community members have participated and continue to show a high level of interest

Implementation support for communities- marketing/ selling/coordinating (Objective iv)

Means
Business development officer & consultancy; Executive Director & Park Manager

Costs
36,000 (20%) + 5,000 + ED time +PM time

These are currently being implemented

Pilot Invasive Replacement Program (explore economic uses for invasive Pittosporum undulata & possibly others and replace harvested trees with natives (Objective iv)

Means
Business development officer, GPS Devices, Tree tags, Kiln; Park Manager

Costs
36,000 (20%) + 4,000 +PM time

Projects are feasible

Pilot Forest Reclamation Program (return farmland encroaching on NP boundary to forest by providing farmers with Native Trees to add to their farms in a phased approach until land is converted to forest). (Objective iv)

Means
Native Trees, M&E support, training support, agricultural support for farmers outside NP; Park Manager

Costs
12,000 + PM time

Willingness to participate

Updated action plan for the future activities of the project

ObjectivesKey ActivitiesDec
22
Jan
23
Feb
23
Mar
23
Apr
23
May
23
Jun
23
Jul
23
Aug
23
Sep
23
Oct
23
Nov
23

(i) Design and Implement a Public Education and Community Outreach Programme to promote the significance of the forest ecosystems of the Blue and John Crow Mountains in terms of their biodiversity and role e.g. in hydrogeological security, disaster prevention and mitigation of extreme climate events and promote appropriate care for these forest ecosystems.

Conduct research to guide implementation and monitor success of environmental education and community outreach programme

                       

Design & implement outreach and education program for Maroon & other Buffer Zone Community Youth, and others

                       

(ii) Improve the management effectiveness of the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park through support for:- critical management programmes such as Enforcement and Compliance and sourcing medium to long term funding sources for management

Enforcement & Compliance activities with trained, uniformed personnel (patrols)

                       

Carbon Trading Project designed and other funding sources explored

                       

Improve National Park ecotourism ventures

                       

(iii) Strengthen the in-situ and ex-situ forest conservation work with respect to learning how to propagate and grow native, endemic and threatened tree species

Nursery Improvements and Management

                       

Propagation & Germination of native trees- research activities

                       

Conduct tree planting and maintenance activities

                       

Conduct tree monitoring activities within forest restoration plots

                       

(iv) Work with local communities, particularly Maroons those in the upper Yallahs and Hope watersheds to reduce poverty and empower youth through sustainable community tourism and alternative livelihoods e.g. invasive species control and forest restoration.

Design tourism products based on local natural and cultural resources

                       

Train and offer product development for participants

                       

Implementation support for communities- marketing/ selling/coordinating

                       

Pilot Invasive Replacement Program (explore economic uses for invasive Pittosporum undulata & possibly others (Bambusa vulgaris) and replace harvested trees with natives

                       

Pilot Forest Reclamation Program (return farmland encroaching on NP boundary to forest by providing farmers with Native Trees to add to their farms in a phased approach until land is converted to forest)

                       

JCDT | Protecting & Preserving Our Future

The JCDT appreciates the involvement and support of our Partners, Donors, and Sponsors
  • NEPA
  • Forestry Department
  • Jamaica National Heritage Trust
  • Environmental Foundation of Jamaica
  • Forest Conservation Trust
  • Pear Tree Press
  • Jamaica energy Partners